Different Types of Automotive Lubricants: All You Should Know


If you visit an auto parts store nearby you, you can find out several types of lubricants which are being used in an automotive vehicle from a long time. Each of those has a different purpose and uses and they come in a different color too!

If you choose the exact lubricant for your vehicle, the major expensive parts of your vehicle will last longer and the lifespan of those will be extended. Choosing the wrong lubricant in the wrong amount can destroy parts as well as the whole vehicle. So, if you bear in mind a little knowledge about the automotive lubricants, you can save a large amount of money and time.

In this article, we’re going to share different types of automotive lubricants available right now. So, let’s start from here!

01. Motor Oil:

This one is the most common automotive oil used in the automotive industry and this one is being used almost from the beginning. The vehicle makers basically recommend replacing motor oil after every 3000 miles of the run. To prevent corrosion, break down, motor oil has additives in it. The interesting fact about this lubricant is, it comes with different viscosity ratings.

The viscosity is a strange thing actually. It helps you to measure the thickness of the oil perfectly. The internal resistance to friction or flow is measured by this viscosity. The lower the viscosity number, the thinner the lubricant is. Because of being thin, low viscosity flows a bit faster and smoother. Multi-Grade motor oil is recommended by the manufacturer mostly like the 5W-30. Such a type of oil has a certain viscosity rating and it’s pretty cold and separate. In this name, the W is basically a short form of winter, not weight.

02. Gear Oil:

High-temperature lubrication basically takes place with gear oil. This oil is normally used in a vehicle’s differential and manual transmission. The viscosity rating of this oil is above 75. The fact is, it has a distinctive smell.Widely used automotive gear Oil API is Currently GL-4 & Gl-5.And for best performance need to use multi grade gear oil such as 80W-90 Or 85W-140.

03. Transmission Fluid: 

This one is a slick lubricant which is capable of serving many purposes. In the transmission, there are a lot of moving parts or components. The transmission fluid lubricates all those moving parts and cools the transmission down. It also conditions the seals and prevents corrosion or rust.

This type of fluid is colored brightly so that it can detect leaks easily. The transmission fluid is in almost every 4 wheel vehicle.

04. Chassis and Wheel Bearing Grease:

You can find this lubricant in the steering joints and suspension. People say this one is the most common and widely used grease of this time. The suspension parts should be lubricated on a regular basis so that it can prevent premature wear. Parts with grease fittings need lubrication basically. This grease comes up in the market with a tube. This tube fits in a grease gun and makes it easy to place the grease.

05. Wheel Bearing Grease:

The high-temperature wheel bearing grease is designed for high-temperature operations. Disc brakes are common nowadays. Vehicles with disc brakes use such a type of grease in the wheel bearings.  The additive in it keeps it slippery even when the grease is dry.

06. White grease:

This one is basically a waterproof grease which is specially designed to work between metal applications. In these applications, water penetration is a problem and that’s why this grease is waterproof. It doesn’t wash away with water easily. The temperature rating of this grease is pretty much higher than others.

08. Electric Grease:

This one is commonly used in electrical joints or connections where the heat needs to stay decreased. This one is called heat sink grease sometimes. It doesn’t conduct electricity.

09. Penetration Lubricants:

The penetrating oil lubricant comes up in an aerosol type can. Seized or rusted nuts, bolts are lubricated with this one. You can remove a stubborn spark plug with this one too! The penetrating oil works great when it’s allowed to soak in.

10. Graphite lubricant:

The parts which have issues with liquid lubricants need to be lubricated with this one. Door locks of the automobile can use this type of lubrication.


So, these are the basic types of automotive lubricants. Wherever you run into the automotive industry, you’ll meet all these lubricants. They come from different manufacturers and we always recommend that you use the lubricator goes with your model and year. Don’t forget to check the grade and type of lubricant before you apply.


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